Gouges, Marie Gouze, otherwise known as Olympe de
Woman of letters and revolutionary, 1748 - 1793
Gouges, Marie Gouze, otherwise known as Olympe de: Before 1789, this author specifically wrote against the slave trade and slavery (Réflexions sur les hommes nègres, 1788). During the Revolution, she became known for her ideas in favor of the equality of the sexes. Her Declaration of the Rights of Women and Female Citizens (1791), based on the Declaration of the Rights of Men and Male Citizens (1789), was considered to be one of the most important manifestos for the emancipation of women. She was executed in 1793 due to her support of the constitutional monarchy.