Loménie de Brienne, Étienne-Charles de
Minister of the Ancien Régime, 1727 - 1794
Loménie de Brienne, Étienne-Charles de: Director of the Royal Council of Finances in 1787, and a confidante to the Queen Marie-Antoinette, he was hated almost as much as she by those in favor of freedom. In 1788, he launched a justice reform that motivated patriots to join the insurrection and contributed to the fall of the monarchy. After fleeing the country, he returned to France, where he tried to participate in the Revolution: he became the constitutional bishop of Sens. He died in 1794 during his third arrest.