Toussaint Louverture, François-Dominique
Afrodescendant, emancipated slave, important figure in the independence of Haiti, 1743 - 1803
Toussaint Louverture, François-Dominique: Born a slave and then emancipated, Toussaint Louverture was a free person of color and owned plantations. Involved in the slave rebellion, belatedly recognized in the French Republican regime, he worked to create independence in Saint Domingue while maintaining forced labor. Arrested and deported, he died in 1803 in Mainland France before the island became independent under the name Haiti.