The Hôtel de Ville, Headquarters of the Parisian Revolution
In 1789 a Renaissance building stood here, built under the impetus of Francois I and completed around 1620 in order to house the municipal administration. This building, with more modest dimensions than the current Hôtel de Ville, established itself as one of the main centers of the Revolution. On July 14, 1789, mayor Jacques de Flesselles (who was then called the Provost of Merchants) was killed along with Launay, the governor of the Bastille. Over the course of the following days, the new elected municipality assembled. On July 17th, the new mayor Jean-Sylvain Bailly hosted Louis XVI’s visit. On October 5th, it was from here that women left for Versailles in order to ask the king to lower the price of bread. Lastly, in 1792, it was here where the first guillotine executions were held, while the insurrectionary commune was proclaimed. Seen as the center of the radical revolution, the Hôtel de Ville was also Robespierre’s last refuge before he was arrested and eventually executed, on July 28, 1794. The Hôtel de Ville that stood during the Revolution was burned during the Commune of Paris (1871); the current building dates from the end of the 19th century.
Rue de Rivoli, fountain in front of the Hôtel de Ville