Hell’s Gate: Paris, an Open-Air Prison?
“This wall walling in Paris makes Paris whisper”: in 1789, Parisians grumbled in anger against the new imposing wall, which completely surrounded the city. The wall was built using public funds in order to better collect the excise tax, the name of the tax on merchandise entering Paris. Everyone despised this tax: it only increased the price of popular consumer products. If most of the tollgates were destroyed by fire in July 1789 or later, some of them still exist today: like Hell’s Gate which gave access to the south of Paris and whose two tollgates we can still see today.
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